Binocular Vision Impairment Treatment
Binocular vision impairments are more common than you may think. Just one type of binocular impairment, amblyopia ("lazy eye"), affects approximately 3% of the population. At least 12% of the population has some type of problem with binocular vision. Plenty of people are seeing the world with only one eye. They are monocular (one-eyed), not binocular (two-eyed). (Remember the monocles that people used to wear in the nineteenth century?)
Many monocular people can be rehabilitated with the help of Vision Therapy. They can become binocular and gain depth perception! children-special-needs.org seeks to call attention to binocular vision impairments and to educate parents and the public about treatment options. Many parents of children with these visual defects are not informed of all treatment options and are not gaining information about and access to Vision Therapy, a treatment option that offers a much higher success rate than eye muscle surgery.
Is Vision Therapy New?
Although Vision Therapy is currently an Optometric specialty, it is actually an outgrowth of orthoptics. Orthoptics, which literally means "straightening of the eyes", was introduced to this country by physicians in the late 1800's. As physicians became more focused on eyeglasses, medication , and surgery, the benefits of orthoptics were taught to fewer and fewer practitioners. However, optometrists in the mid 1900's took the best that orthoptics had to offer, and pioneered the development of Vision Therapy.
What's Involved In A Vision Therapy Program?
Patients typically come to the office twice weekly for 30 - 45 minutes each visit. In addition, homework is given to be done at home as reinforcement of what is learned during the office therapy sessions. Commitment to the therapy program, and maintaining a schedule of weekly visits, is important in the success of the program.